Rome is the capital city of Italy. In the past, it was established as the Roman Republic whose last dictator was Gaius Julius Caesar. Caesar's assassination eventually led to the rise of the Roman Empire.
In ancient Rome, its citizens worshipped deities similar to the Greeks, such as Mars, the Roman god of war. Romans considered March 15 as the Ides of March, a time for celebrations and festivals.
At one point, Nero watched Rome burn and sang during the disaster.
The Roman Republic
During the time of the Roman Republic, the Senate was established as its governing body.
Caesar's conquest for Gaul led to the Gallic Wars, lasting for eight years.